Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, oh my!

What’s a noun? a verb? a pronoun?

noun is a naming word [shoe, table, car, computer].

verb is an action word [a *doing* word e.g. run, type, talk].

pronoun is  a word used as a place-holder for a noun, or a noun phrase, or a different pronoun. Pronouns are usually used in writing and when talking as a way of keeping the flow of the words smooth by reducing repeated use of the full subject or object word. For example, “Susan came top of her class and Susan is going to university!”  Instead of saying Susan twice, you would use the pronoun ‘she’ after you’ve used the person’s name, and instead of using the name a second time.he statement.

“Susan came top of her class and she is going to university!”


personal pronoun refers to a specific person or thing and changes its form to indicate person, number, gender, and case.

subjective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as the subject of the sentence. The subjective personal pronouns are “I,” “you,” “she,” “he,” “it,” “we,” “you,” “they.”

An objective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as an object of a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinitive phrase. The objective personal pronouns are: “me,” “you,” “her,” “him,” “it,” “us,” “you,” and “them.”   Other types of pronouns:  possessive, demonstrative, interrogative, relative, etc etc.

An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb, such as *running quickly* [where *quickly* is the adverb], and where *quickly* tells you *how* the *running* was being done.

An adjective is a *describing* word used with a *noun* [naming word], to express a quality or circumstance, such as *blue sky* [blue is the adjective, sky is the noun].

vowel is one of these five letters: a, e, i, o, u.

consonant is every other letter of the alphabet, which is *not* a vowel.


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